Climate change is one of the greatest risks to development. It is crucial and urgent for Mexico to integrate climate and environmental objectives into its social development agenda. Policy priorities and investments need to recognize climate change as a key factor that may worsen social inequalities and affect the country’s ability to grow in the future. 

There is compelling evidence that transitioning to a low carbon and climate-resilient economy can help reaching goals such as poverty alleviation, job creation, social inclusion, energy security, and economic growth. This working paper examines the question of whether Mexico can achieve its sustainable development aspirations while advancing a climate agenda aligned with global commitments, and how. It identifies the sectors’ and policy interventions which offer the greatest opportunities, based on a review of available literature, interviews with experts, analysis of available data, and existing results.